Introduction to the Manchester Museum
Manchester Museum is part of the University of Manchester, and is home to some 4.5 million specimens of Archaeology, Anthropology, Botany, Entomology, Egyptology, Geology and Zoology. The Museum first opened in the 1880s and is now visited by around half a million visitors a year. The Museum holds some 18,000 objects from Ancient Egypt and Sudan, one of the most important collections in the UK.
The development the collection in Manchester is thanks in large part to a textile industrialist called Jesse Haworth (1835–1921). He financed the archaeological excavations of English Egyptologist William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942) and in return Manchester received a large number of Petrie’s finds.
The collection includes material from prehistoric times through to Roman, Christian and Islamic times. Particular strengths include items from a pyramid-builders’ town and the palace sites of Gurob and Amarna; a unique group of ritual objects from a tomb in Thebes; twenty human and fifty animal mummies; and an outstanding collection of Roman Period mummy masks and painted panel portraits.